Many cryptocurrencies have been launched in recent years, often with great fanfare and celebration, only to fade and fail when they are shunned by the public and investors. According to Coinopsy, which tracks such failures, there are some 1,085 dead coins at the time of writing. That’s a substantial number, even close to the roughly 3,000 that still exist, and high-level industry figures expect many of them to fail as well.
Why are so many of these projects falling apart? Of course, you expect many initiatives to come and go in a fledgling market; the dot-com bubble of the 1990s is the perfect example. But at the same time, cryptocurrency developers have traditionally spent very little time designing the business use case for their coins and tokens, only realizing after launch that their idea is in the news yesterday.
Time and time again, we see launches that copy a previously successful coin, for example, “coin x is the new Bitcoin.” However, the market already has Bitcoin, and it is still in demand, as evidenced by the 18 millionth Bitcoin that was mined last month. We tend to overlook this issue with developers, even as we rightly criticize regulators for failing to keep up with the rapidly evolving cryptocurrency market, despite efforts like Howey Coin from the US regulator, the SEC, who it was an offer of fake new currency. designed to teach investors about the risks of investing money in cryptocurrencies.
No doubt these kinds of developer mistakes will continue. Here are several other topics that we think will influence future encryption failures:
What is a cryptocurrency and why use it?
Cryptocurrencies are digital assets that use cryptography, an encryption technique, for security. Cryptocurrencies are primarily used to buy and sell goods and services, although some newer cryptocurrencies also work to provide a set of rules or obligations for their holders, which we’ll talk about later. They have no intrinsic value, as they cannot be exchanged for other commodities, such as gold. Unlike traditional currency, they are not issued by a central authority and are not legal tender.
At this point, the use of cryptocurrencies is largely limited to “early adopters”. On a scale, there are around 10 million Bitcoin holders around the world and around half hold Bitcoin solely for investment purposes. Objectively, cryptocurrencies are unnecessary because government-backed currencies function properly. For most users, the benefits of cryptocurrencies are theoretical. So traditional adoption will only come when there is a significant tangible advantage in using a cryptocurrency. So what are the benefits of using them?